MATERIAL which has been presented in the preceding chapters has
emphasized changes that have taken place in specific periods of the
development of the GM&O. In this and the following chapters the
over-all period of growth will be stressed. This chapter (CHAPTER XVII)
is devoted to a visual and graphic portrayal the development of the
road. The maps show the changes in the mileage and territory served by
the company. The charts are deed to help the reader understand some of
the financial and rating changes which have taken place in the period
from 1920 to 1950. Figures
for the four most important of those companies which have been merged
into the GM&O have been presented, along with the parent
GM&N-GM&O. Figures for the two other north-south railroads which
operate east of the Mississippi River from the gulf ports of Mobile
and/or New Orleans have been given also. In addition, comparative
figures for all Southern District and Class I railroads of the United
States have been given where they are available. In looking at these
charts, one must bear in mind the fact that these railroads are not at
all comparable in length of service, mileage, traffic density, or
wealth. One must remember, also, that changes in basic circumstances for
one road - e.g., the addition of more miles of lines--must be considered
before quick comparisons are made. These charts do offer important
information, however, when the rate of change for one company over a
period of years is compared with the rate of change for another company.
reader who is interested primarily in the narrative of the history of
the GM&O and its predecessors may omit the material in Chapters
XVII-XIX and move directly to Chapters XX through XXIV, which are
concerned with the histories of the predecessor roads and the GM&N
itself, prior to 1920.
CHRONOLOGICAL RECORD OF GROWTH
(See Also Map and Charts)
Events Prior to 1920
Reorganization of the New Orleans, Mobile and
Chicago into the Gulf, Mobile and Northern.
GM&N practically debt free as of January 1, 1917
(369 miles of main line).
Purchase of stock control of the Meridian and Memphis
(32 miles) by the GM&N.
Completion of the extension from Middleton, Tennessee,
to Jackson (40 miles).
Changes-March, 1920, to September, 1940
Creation of a well-run, aggressively promoted, small railroad.
Purchase of corporate control of the Birmingham and
Northwestern (49 miles) by the GM&N.
(This line from Jackson,
Tennessee to Dyersburg had been operated in co-operation
with GM&N policy since March, 1920. I.
B. Tigrett had
been president of the B&NW from 1912 to
Purchase of corporate control of the Jackson and Eastern
(33 miles in operation) by the GM&N.
(Jackson and Eastern
line rebuilt and extended about 40 miles
further to reach Jackson,
Mississippi, in 1927. )
Acquisition of trackage rights over Nashville, Chattanooga
and St. Louis line from Jackson, Tennessee
(145 miles) for freight service.
Merger of Birmingham and Northwestern, Meridian and
Memphis, and Jackson and Eastern into the
Purchase of stock control of the New Orleans Great
Northern (263 miles) by the GM&N.
Change of trackage contract from NC&STL (145 miles,
Jackson, Tennessee, to Paducah) to Illinois
miles) Jackson, Tennessee, to Paducah.
Acquisition of 99 year lease on property of reorganized
New Orleans Great Northern.
Service begun by “The Rebel”, first Diesel electric
streamlined passenger train in the South.
Creation of the totally owned subsidiary, Gulf Transport
Company, to co-ordinate and enlarge
previous highway service,
both by bus and truck.
Cancellation of the IC trackage agreement between
Jackson, Tennessee, and Paducah.
Tentative agreement reached to merge the GM&N and the Mobile
Ohio (1150 miles) into the Gulf, Mobile and Ohio.
Changes-September, 1940, to March, 1952
Creation of the GM&O by merger of the GM&N and M&O.
Acquisition of the Alton Railroad (959 miles) and
merger of its lines into the GM&O.
Acquisition of trackage rights over the Louisville &
from Tuscaloosa, Alabama, to Birmingham (55 miles).
of use of IC and Southern Railway lines from Ruslor
Mississippi, to Birmingham (172 miles).